No problem ever appears all of a sudden. It always takes its due time to buildup. Dental problems are such too. Tooth decay also goes through several stages before it becomes completely useless for a person. The following are the five stages of tooth decay:
The first stage of tooth decay is the formation of white spots on the surface of the tooth. The white spots appear as a result of a loss of calcium or plaque buildup. The bacteria feed on the sugar in your mouth. The sugar and acids stain the teeth. Later, the white spots demineralize the teeth and fill up below the enamel’s surface.
In this stage, the enamel begins to break. The tooth develops a cavity, and it is visible in x-rays as well. However, the dentist can check and treat it too since the bacteria is easily removable.
If nothing is done about the bacteria, the acids will continue to dissolve the enamel of the tooth and will reach the dentin. After that, it leads to a sharp pain in the tooth. With time, the pain intensifies as the person passes through the stages of tooth decay.
Involvement of the pulp
The pulp is the core of a tooth. Its cells are responsible for producing dentin, which connect pulp and enamel. If the cavity reaches the pulp, pus may form and kill the nerves of the tooth. This may hurt a tooth too much and may become difficult for a person to bear. At this stage, the root canal is the option to treat the cavity. It saves from future tooth removal.
Formation of the abscess
This is the final and most intense of all the stages of tooth decay. The cavity reaches the tip of the root and starts infecting the surrounding bones. In severe cases, it may also affect a person’s speech. A dentist may recommend oral surgery at this stage.
In conclusion, if a person does not take care of his teeth, then after the tooth decay, the teeth may eventually fall off. Therefore, it is necessary to visit a dentist at Waller Dental as soon as you notice even the slightest tooth decay symptoms. You can also call us on 936-372-2673 to book an appointment and get your decaying tooth treated.